Prof. Dr. Jamal Ahmad Dargham (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
2023 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering and Technology IICAIET 2023
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Future of Mankind
The term artificial intelligence or AI started in the 1950s but it was rarely known outside of academic and research circles. This fear of the potential of AI started in the 1950s as it was predicted that AI systems one day will be able to modify their own structure and code and as such can be an existential threat to mankind. However, the current wide spread of AI applications has brought this debate into the mainstream. Scientists have classified AI into weak and strong AI. Although all current applications of AI are examples of weak AI they can mimic some of the abilities normally associated with humans. Thus, it is necessary to critically evaluate the benefits and risks associated with AI so that an informed opinion can be made regarding the question: Is AI a friend or a foe to mankind? In this chapter the historical evolution of AI and its definitions is carried out followed by giving examples of current AI applications before a critical evaluation of the risks and benefits of AI is carried out. Based on the critical evaluation of the arguments given by both proponents and detractors of AI, it is clear that AI is here to stay. There is also a consensus regarding the risks associated with AI but there is limited agreement on how to address those risks. So, the question is how to make AI benefit the majority of mankind and not only the rich and powerful, being individuals or countries, and at the same time reduce its negative effects and risks to the individuals as well as to mankind.
Jamal Ahmad Dargham was born in a small village in the north of Lebanon. He received his BSc in Control Systems Engineering from the University of Technology, Iraq in 1984 and his MSc in Control Systems Engineering from the University of Manchester, UK, in 1987 and his PhD in Image Processing from Universiti Malaysia Sabah in 2008. He moved to Sabah, Malaysia in 1988 From 1989 till 1996 he was a lecturer at the Advanced Management College, Sabah. He was the first academician to join the School of Engineering and Information Technology, as the Faculty of Engineering used to be called, in 1996. He was the Program Head of Computer Engineering Program from 2006 till 2011, and Head of the Artificial Intelligence Research Unit from 2016 to 2018. His main research interests are in Image Processing specifically Biometrics, as well as Engineering Education. He has published more than 75 papers in refereed journals, conferences, book chapters and research reports. He has supervised more than 10 MSc. And PhD students, and was the examiner or more than 10 graduates at the Master and PhD levels locally and overseas. He has a long history with this conference from 2002. Until last year he was always a member of the organizing committee holding various posts including the chairperson post, but his favorite post is the local arrangement.